Contagion of chickenpox and how to treat chickenpox.

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Chickenpox is a disease caused by the varicella virus. This is the same virus that causes shingles. This infection has an incubation period of about 10-20 days after infection, before gradually appearing itchy rashes and small clear blisters all over the body such as the face , back, chest , arms, legs, and can be very severe. Especially in infants, teenagers, adults, and pregnant women. Including people with weakened immune systems.

The varicella virus can be spread to others through inhalation or contact with secretions and droplets that contain the virus. This may come from coughing, sneezing, or from close contact with an infected person.

Complications are usually rare. Especially in children who are generally healthy.

  • But if it’s in adults More complications may be encountered. The most common ones are Bacterial infection becomes complicated by pus and can cause scarring.
  • Serious but rare complications include pneumonia and encephalitis.
  • In pregnant women, if they get chickenpox during the first 3 months of pregnancy, it can cause disabilities in the unborn child, called “congenital chickenpox syndrome” (Congenital varicella syndrome), causing scars all over the body, atrophied limbs, small eyes, ทางเข้า ufabet, cataracts, a small head, and mental retardation. etc.
  • In addition, if it is 5 days before birth or 2 days after birth, it may cause the baby to be born with severe chickenpox.
  • When the patient has recovered from chickenpox The virus hides in the nerve ganglia. and can cause shingles. When the body’s immunity decreases, the body is weak, old, or has low immunity.

How to treat chickenpox

  • acetaminophen medicine (Acetaminophen) or paracetamol For reducing fever and relieving headaches, pain, wounds on the skin. Suitable for pregnant women and children older than 2 months.
  • Antiviral medicines such as acyclovir should be taken within the first 24 hours as they may reduce the severity of chickenpox. Or you may take valacyclovir. (Valacyclovir) or famciclovir (Famciclovir), which the doctor may consider according to the symptoms and health condition of the individual before giving it.
  • Antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Diphenhydramine) suitable for people with itching. which should be allowed from the doctor before eating
  • Compress the skin: Your doctor may recommend using a cloth soaked in cold water to compress the area of ​​skin that is very itchy. Do not scratch the skin harshly as this may cause wounds. There is also a risk of spreading the virus to other people.

For people who have chickenpox and live with family members You should not use items together. Wear a mask. And you should stop studying or working if there are small children, the elderly, and pregnant women in the home. Including those who have not been vaccinated. Should be isolated to prevent the spread of infection.